Interesting and      important facts about Ukraine

General overview

 Ϙϙ As independent state Ukraine emerged on the map of Europe and world in 1991. This is a country in the center of Eurasia and whole world. Through its teritory pass international transport corridors connecting the Northern Europe and Southern one, Central Asia and the Middle East with Central and Western Europe, the Black and Baltic Seas. Thanks to this Ukraine is important transit country, a so–called “bridge” beetwen European and Asian countries. 

ϕ Ukraine is one of the most dencely populated countries in Europe and Eurasian mainland (continent). On its territory live about 42 million people. In terms of population our country ranks 6th among European countries and 20th among the countries of Eurasian continent. Average density of population is 69 people per km². The population in Ukraine is distributed unevenly. The most densely populated are eastern regions, the least— north–western and southern ones.

ϖ More than 2/3 of total population (nearly 70%) lives in cities. The largest cities are Kyiv (the capital of the country), Kharkiv, Dnipro, Odesa, L’viv, Donetsk, Zaporizhzhya, Kryvyi Rih and Mykolaiv. Around these and others big cities have formed urban agglomerators.

About 30% of all population in Ukraine lives in rural settlements. There are about 28.4 thousand villages in the country. The highest density of rural population is observed in the western regions, the lowest– in southern, eastern and partly in central regions.

ϟ Ukraine is a maritime state. It is washed in the South by the waters of Black and Azov seas, which belong to the Atlantic Ocean basin. Total length of the sea coast of Ukraine is 2835 kilometeres.

ϟ Being a maritime state Ukraine has maritime borders with Turkey, Georgia and Bulgaria. Partly Ukraine's maritime neighbors are Romania and Russia. The length of the sea borders of Ukraine according to some data is 1355 or 1959 km, according to others— 1053 km.

  ϒ Ukraine is the biggest countries in Europe (after Russia) in terms of territory (603,7 thousand km²). It exceeds the territory of developed countries of Europe- France, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Finland, Norway, Italy- as well as Poland. The state occupies more than 5,7% of European territory. 

  ϒ The territory of Ukraine stretches for more than 1300 km (1316) from west to east and for about 900 km (893) from north to south. The northernmost point of Ukraine is Hremiach village, southernmost- cape Sarych, western- the outskirts of Chop, eastern- Chervona Zirka village.

ϒ Ukraine is among the great powers of Eurasia in terms of the area of territory. It belongs to the 20 largest states in Eurasian continent and ranks 13th among all states of this continent after Russia, China, India, Kazakhstan, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Iran, Mongolia, Pakistan, Turkey and some other ones. 

  ҉   As European and maritime state Ukraine is a member of many regional organizations such as OSCE, Council of Europe, BSEC, CEI, EAPC, ECAC, GUAM etc. and participates in activities of CIS. From 1994 Ukraine participates in NATO’s program “Partnership for peace”. In 2008 Ukraine joined to WTO and in 2014 signed an association agreement with EU. In its scope and thematic coverage, this agreement became the largest international legal document in the history of Ukraine аnd the largest international agreement with a third country ever concluded by the EU.

  ϟ Ukraine borders on 7 countries: by Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Belarus and Russia. The total length of the Ukrainian land borders according to some data is from 5618 to 5684 kilometers, according to other data— 6516 km.

Ψ Like any state in the world, Ukraine has its own symbols, language and currency. The first once include National Flag of Ukraine, state emblem and hymn. The state language is Ukrainian, national currency– hryvnia. The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv.

Ψ Ukraine celebrates 11 national holidays, which are days off: New Year (January 1), Christmas (January 7), Women’s day (March 8), Easter- April, May on the lunar calendar, Labor Day (May 1–2), Peace and Victory Day (May 9), Trinity– 50 days after Easter, Constitution Day (June 28), Independence Day (August 24), Defender of Ukraine Day (October 14) and Catholics Cristmas (December 25).

ϖ Ukraine as a state belongs to polyethnic, but mononational countries with one, so called titular, nation. The main indigenous ethnic group of the state is Ukrainians. According to the 2001 All-Ukrainian population census, they make up more than 3/4 or about 80% of total population. The highest this indicator is in central, northern and some western regions of the state. Significantly lower rates of Ukrainians are typical for the eastern regions and the lowest- for Crimea (24%).

 

ϖ On the territory of Ukraine live representatives of almost 130 nationalities and ethnic groups. The largest minority among them in Ukraine are Russians. Their share is 17,3% of total population in the country. Their highest share is in the eastern, Odessa, Dnipropetrovsk regions and in the Crimea, where they mainly in urban settlements.

ϖ Ethnic minorities in Ukraine also are Belarusians (most of them live in the east and south), Moldovans (live in south-western part of country), Crimean Tatars (live mainly in rural settlements of Crimea), Bulgarians (mainly in southern regions), Poles (live in the most western regions of state), Hungarians (in Zakarpatskyi region), Romanians (in Chernivtsi and Zakarpatskyi regions), Jews (mainly in cities) and others nations. The total share of representatives of these nationalities in Ukraine is up 5%. The indigenous national minorities in Ukraine are also Gagauz (Odesa region) and Karaites (in Crimea).

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